Fire survival guide
Preparing and practicing a plan of action will help you to act quickly if there is a fire. Everyone who lives in your home should know this plan, and it helps to go through it with your family or anyone else that lives with you including children, older people and lodgers, as well as visitors.
Here are some things to consider.
Choose an escape route. This is usually the normal way in and out of your home. Think of any difficulties you or the other people in your household may have.
Select a second escape route as well, in case it is not possible to use your preferred route.
Identify a safe room. If you cannot escape, you will need to find a room where you can wait for the fire and rescue service. This should have a window and a telephone.
Put a reminder of what to do where people are regularly reminded of it, for example on the fridge or a noticeboard.
Make sure everyone knows where the keys to doors and windows are kept.
If a fire starts, your priority is to get everyone out of the property and call 999.
Don’t try to fight a fire yourself.
Check doors with the back of your hand before opening. If the door feels warm, don’t open it – go another way.
If there is a lot of smoke, crawl along the floor where the air will be cleaner. If you can’t get out of the door, close it and put bedding or towels along the bottom to seal the gap. Open the window for fresh air.
Shout for help and dial 999.
If you are on the ground or first floor, you may be able to escape through the window. Throw some bedding, clothing or soft furnishings out. Do not jump - lower yourself carefully and drop into the soft landing place you have created. Consider letting any children or older people go first.
If you have to break a window, cover sharp edges with any available soft materials.